中文版
Rice is one of the most important crops in the world, and is the main food of more than 50% of world’s population. As the world’s population increases at a high rate, the improvement of crop productivity and quality, through the increase in resistance or tolerance to biotic stresses, e.g., diseases and insects, and abiotic stresses, e.g., drought, high salt, high or low temperature, and through metabolic engineering, e.g., increase in nutritional contents, remains an important and challenging task. Rice shares a high degree of synteny with other cereals and has served as an excellent model cereal crop for genomics research due to its relatively small genome size and ease of transformation. Recent release of the completed rice genome sequence unraveled a wealth of approximately 37,000 non-transposable element related genes, of which majority have no assigned functions and close to 30% have no known homologues in Arabidopsis {(IRGSP), 2005 #361}.? To facilitate the research efforts for studying rice gene functions, by using T-DNA with functions of gene/promoter trap, gene knockout and gene activation tagging, the research team led by Dr. Su-May Yu has generated a rice mutant population containing 55,000 lines (Hsing et al., 2997). Close to 15,000 flanking sequence tags (FSTs) have also been assigned to the rice genome and a searchable FST database is available at the Taiwan Rice Insertional Mutants (TRIM) website (http://trim.sinica.edu.tw). These resources offer highly valuable tools for high throughput rice functional analyses on a genome scale using both forward and reverse genetic approaches.
In order to promote the application of the TRIM library in agricultural biotechnology in Taiwan and worldwide, there is an urgent need to establish a communication platform through which TRIM seeds could be delivered to international or domestic research organizations without breaching the intellectual property rights of TRIM. The purpose of this research project is to carry out the “A Promotion Plan for Application of the Rice Mutant Library in Biotechnology”. This plan is based on an agreement for cooperation between Academia Sinica and the Asia University. Responsibilities of this plan include the protection of intellectual property and the business expansion for application of TRIM seeds in agricultural biotechnology industries.? It will also play the role as a “commercial arm” serving as a communication bridge between industries and research organizations.? In addition, this project could also serve as a pilot plan for establishment of the business on technology transfer of genetically modified organisms (GMO) in Taiwan, a cooperation model between government, research organization and the university.